US 301
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US 301 view
Photo: US 301 at Hanover Courthouse (photo by Mapmikey 3/17/07)

 
 
From:  North Carolina State Line near Skippers (Greensville County)
To:  Maryland State Line, Dahlgren (King George County)
Total Length: 143.06 miles  
Nationally, US 301 runs from US 41 Sarasota, FL to US 40 Glasgow, DE
ROUTE LOG
NC STATE LINE: 0 - 0
I-95 (exit 8): 8.85 - 8.85
Emporia-Greensville Line: 0.25 - 9.10
US 58 Bus: 1.74 - 10.84
US 58: 0.74 - 11.58
Greensville-Emporia Line: 0.50 - 12.08
I-95 (exit 12): 0.40 - 12.48
Sussex-Greensville Line: 3.90 - 16.38
I-95 (exit 17): 0.30 - 16.68
VA 397: 2.16 - 18.84
VA 139: 1.23 - 20.07
VA 40, VA 40 Bus BEGIN: 10.70 - 30.77
VA 40 Bus WB: 0.24 - 31.01
Prince George-Sussex Line: 3.52 - 34.53
VA 35 NB: 6.55 - 41.08
I-95 (exit 41): 0.15 - 41.23
VA 35 SB: 0.57 - 41.80
VA 156: 0.17 - 41.97
I-95 (exit 45): 4.24 - 46.21
Petersburg-Prince George Line: 2.25 - 48.46
US 301 ALT: 2.41 - 50.87
I-95 (exit 50), US 460: 0.99 - 51.86
US 460 Bus EB: 0.09 - 51.95
VA 36 EB: 0.98 - 52.93
US 460 Bus WB: 0.10 - 53.03
US 1 SB, US 301 ALT, VA 36 WB: 0.70 - 53.73
Colonial Heights-Petersburg Line: 0.43 - 54.16
VA 144 SB: 1.52 - 55.68
Chesterfield-Colonial Heights Line: 1.72 - 57.40
VA 144 NB: 0.22 - 57.62
VA 10: 4.80 - 62.42
VA 288: 1.65 - 64.07
VA 145: 2.26 - 66.33
VA 150: 2.41 - 68.74
Richmond-Chesterfield Line: 1.17 - 69.91
VA 161: 0.75 - 70.66
US 360: 3.15 - 73.81
US 60: 0.39 - 74.20
VA 195: 1.33 - 75.53
VA 147: 0.10 - 75.63
US 250: 0.40 - 76.03
VA 33: 0.20 - 76.23
I-64, I-95 (exit 76): 0.10 - 76.33
VA 197: 2.29 - 78.61
US 1 NB, VA 2 BEGIN: 1.20 - 79.81
Henrico-Richmond Line: 0.04 - 79.85
I-95 (exit 82): 0.55 - 80.40
Hanover-Henrico Line: 2.64 - 83.04
I-295 (exit 41): 0.40 - 83.44
VA 54Y: 9.93 - 93.37
VA 54: 0.03 - 93.40
Caroline-Hanover Line: 1.64 - 95.04
VA 30: 3.16 - 98.20
US 301 Bus, VA 2 NB, VA 207 Bus: 14.51 - 112.71
VA 207: 0.23 - 112.94
US 301 Bus: 1.03 - 113.97
US 17: 10.88 - 124.85
King George-Caroline Line: 1.15 - 126.00
VA 3: 5.10 - 131.10
VA 205: 1.91 - 133.01
VA 218: 5.91 - 138.92
VA 206: 0.56 - 139.48
MD STATE Line: 3.58 - 143.06
Creation: Appeared in late 1932 as a renumbering of US 17-1 running from US 1 Petersburg south to North Carolina below Skippers. This was also the route of VA 24 from NC to Templeton Crossroads and VA 35 from there to Petersburg.
Initially, US 301 had been assigned in the 1925 preliminary US Route plan to run from US 60 Lee Hall to US 1 Fredericksburg, but this was instead assigned as US 17.

1926 NC/SC Auto Trails
1925 proposed US 301 routing
1926 NC/SC Auto Trails
1933 Official
initial US 301 routing
1933 Official

Adjustments:In July 1933, VA 24 and VA 35 were dropped from the route.
In Apr 1939 (CTB), US 301 was rebuilt in the Templeton area, leaving behind VA 35-Y (now part of US 301 again).
Around July 1941, US 301 was extended north with US 1 to Richmond, over VA 2 to Bowling Green, then replaced what had been VA 207 from Bowling Green northeast to Maryland at Dahlgren. All of this had been part of the short-lived VA 301.
In Jan 1945 (CTB), the Hopwell Chamber of Commerce put forth a proposal to build a high-rise bridge over the James River near Hopewell and to put US 301 on it. A map was given to the CTB but the minutes do not show/describe where US 301 would run to Hopewell or how it might tie back into US 301 further north. The CTB did agree to study the proposal. I found no other references to this proposal.
In Dec 1947 (CTB), US 301 was removed from SR 695 south of Bowling Green.
In Aug 1951 (CTB), US 301 was rerouted in Petersburg off of Sycamore St and instead using its current routing along Crater Rd into eastern Petersburg. This was a swap with US 301 ALT.

1936 Official
Initial Petersburg routing
1936 Official
1959 Official
current Petersburg routing
1959 Official

In Nov 1953 (CTB), US 301 was placed on one-way splits in Richmond: NB used Broad St, Bowe St, Moore St, Lombardy St; SB used Lombardy St and Broad St. I have yet to find a Richmond map that shows the US 1 and US 60 routings used throughout most of the 1950s.
In Sept 1959 (CTB), US 301 was given its current routing through Richmond with the completion of Chamberlayne connecting to Belvidere directly.

1935 Official
Richmond routing up to 1953
1935 Official
1961 Official
Richmond routing since 1959
1961 Official

Around Dec 1960 (CTB), US 301 was put back on its original routing in Templeton, replacing VA 35-Y. The ramp from VA 35 to NB I-95 may be in the old 301 ROW.
In Feb 1969 (CTB), US 301 was placed on its bypass of Bowling Green.
In 1980-81, US 301 was altered at a number of overpasses/interchanges to accommodate the construction of I-95 from Jarratt to Templeton. I-95's south lanes were put on US 301's northbound lanes over significant stretches.
Improvements:  Upon designation in 1932, US 301 was fully paved
The First segment of US 301 to be 4-laned was its addition to US 1 in 1941.
In 1951, US 301 was multilaned in eastern Petersburg
In 1955, US 301 was multilaned from Emporia to Jarratt.
In 1956, US 301 was multilaned from the Sussex/Prince George line to Templeton.
In 1957, US 301 was multilaned from Jarratt to the Sussex/Prince George Line
In 1963, US 301 was multilaned from Richmond several miles north.
In 1965, US 301 was multilaned from the Rappahannock River to the Dahlgren Wayside.
In 1966, US 301 was multilaned from Bowling Green to US 17.
In 1969, US 301 was multilaned when placed on the Bowling Green bypass.
In 1971, US 301 was multilaned from SR 721 north to Bowling Green.
In 1978, US 301 was multilaned from US 17 across the Rappahannock River.
In 1980-81, US 301 reverted to 2-lane from Jarratt to Templeton except for about a mile or so around Carson as I-95 stole its ROW.
US 301 is 6+ lanes from VA 150 to Overbrook Rd in Richmond (about 12 miles);
Posted:  Fully posted
The last known US 301 cutouts were in Richmond and were gone by 2003.
There is a circle 301 shield in King George County
Multiplexes:  VA 40 Bus (0.24 mi)
VA 35 (0.72 mi)
US 460 Bus (0.98 mi)
US 460 Bus, VA 36 (0.10 mi)
VA 36 (0.70 mi)
US 1 (incl triplexes) (26.08 mi)
US 1, VA 144 (1.94 mi)
VA 2 (32.90 mi)
Legislative names:  Blue Star Memorial Highway , entire route except Bowling Green bypass (2-24-48); Washington-Rocheambeau Highway, several sections (route follows original VA 50) between Hanover CH and Bowling Green (2-20-75)
Dr. Martin Luther King Jr Memorial Bridge over Appomattox River (4-16-92); James Madison Memorial Bridge over Rappahannock River (5-13-38 designation predates US 301);
Other names:  Skippers Rd (s of Emporia); Main St (Emporia); Crater Rd (Prince George Co); Crater Rd/[Bollingbrook St NB, Bank St SB] (Petersburg); Boulevard (Colonial Heights); Cowardin Ave/Lee Bridge/Belvidere St (Richmond); Chamberlayne Ave (Richmond, Henrico and Hanover Co); Hanover Courthouse Rd(Hanover Co n of SR 653); Richmond Tpk (Caroline Co s of Bowling Green), A P Hill Blvd (Caroline Co s of Bowling Green); James Madison Pkwy (KIng George Co)
Scenic Byway:  No segments
Comments: The July 1941 official map shows a break in routing from Bowling Green northward. I never have found the CTB reference to put this into the primary system.
North of Bowling Green, it would make a good interstate corridor along with VA 207. Maryland's portion of US 301 is quickly becoming unusable as a through route.
The bridge to Md. is toll SB only ($4).
US 301 has interstate-style mile markers north of VA 207. It's mostly a local road in VA below Richmond.
Right at the NC Line there is a stoplight at SR 662 - which is a dead end road.
L. Corsaro and E. Smith have a US 301 expressway site detailing the arterial characteristics of US 301.
1941-42 Official
US 301 extended to Maryland with breaks?
1941-42 Official


From:  Bowling Green (Caroline County)
To:  Bowling Green (Caroline County)
Total Length:  1.50 miles  
ROUTE LOG
US 301, VA 2 SB, VA 207, VA 207 Bus BEGIN: 0 - 0
VA 2 NB, VA 207 Bus SB: 0.96 - 0.96
US 301: 0.54 - 1.50
Creation: Appeared Feb 1969 (CTB) as a renumbering of mainline US 301 through Bowling Green.
Adjustments: None
Improvements:  Paved upon inception; no multilane portions
Posted:  Fully posted; cutouts removed in early 1990s.
Multiplexes:  VA 2, VA 207 Bus (0.96 mi)
Legislative names:  Blue Star Memorial Highway, entire route (2-24-48); Washington-Rocheambeau Highway, entire route (2-20-75)
Other names:  Main St, Broaddus St
Scenic Byway:  no segments
Comment: US 301 Bus runs through some nice areas.
1970 Official
US 301 Bus in Bowling Green
1970 Official

From:  City of Petersburg
To:  City of Petersburg
Total Length:  2.96 miles  
ROUTE LOG
US 301: 0 - 0
US 1 SB, US 460 Bus WB, VA 36 WB: 2.23 - 2.23
US 460 Bus EB, VA 36 EB: 0.20 - 2.43
US 301 SB, VA 36 EB: 0.45 - 2.88
US 1 NB, US 301 NB, VA 36 WB: 0.08 - 2.96
Creation: Appeared as the 2nd US 301 ALT in Aug 1951 (CTB) as a renumbering of mainline US 301 through southern Petersburg. This was a route swap with the first US 301 ALT.
Adjustments: None
Improvements:  Paved upon inception; very brief multilane portions at each end.
Posted:  Fully posted; posted route does not follow "official" route. 301 ALT NB is posted to follow Adams St north to the Appomattox River.
Multiplexes:  US 1, US 460 Bus, VA 36 (0.20 mi)
US 1 (0.45 mi)
US 1, US 301, VA 36 (0.08 mi)
Legislative names:  None
Other names:  Sycamore St, [Wythe/Jefferson/3rd/Bollingbrook NB; Adams/Washington SB]
Scenic Byway:  no segments
Comment: US 301 ALT runs mostly through residential parts of southern Petersburg.
US 301 ALT is blown off by I-85 but it is possible to see a US 301 ALT shield south of the overpass from I-85.
Previous US 301 ALT's:


US 301 ALT #1: Appeared Jan 1945 (CTB) explicitly defined to use Crater Rd from Sycamore (then-US 301) over to US 460, then with US 460 and VA 36 to reach the Appomattox River bridge and mainline 301. The section from US 301 to US 460 on Crater Rd was a replacement for VA 299. This may have started out as VA 301 ALT first.
In Aug 1951 (CTB), US 301 ALT was renumbered as mainline US 301.
US 301 ALT is shown but not labeled on official maps (Petersburg insets did not exist during these years)

1946 Prince George County
VA 301 ALT first?
1946 Prince George County
1951 Prince George County
US 301 ALT for sure
1951 Prince George County


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Page last modified 5 May 2013